vulgare ›Petroselinum crispum var. Plant Name: Petroselinum crispum. Cnidium ... (Petroselinum crispum) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum) against three major stored-product insect pests viz. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. Name verified on 25 February 2010, in: The International Plant Names Index (2004). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile. (1814) Petroselinum vulgare J. Hill (1756) International Common Names. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008 - 4344 Shaw Boulevard, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, U.S.A. on line at: http://www.tropicos.org/. Name verified on 25 February 2008 in: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Curled Parsley (100 seeds) for Your Butterfly Garden quantity. Hill; Preferred Common Name. Petroselinum crispum is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Petroselinum Names. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Common names : Apium crispum Mill. A review of in vitro studies on parsley and parsley extracts reports various effects including antimicrobial17, 27, 28 and immunosuppressive activity,17, 29 as well as spasmolytic effects.17 However, clinical trials are lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. Botanical Name: Petroselinum crispum. cowpea weevil, Mediterranean four moth, and Indian meal moth. Mansf. Fuss 1866. pronounced: pet-roh-sell-EE-num KRISS-pum (Apiaceae — the celery family)common names: parsley, curly parsley. GRAS when used as food. source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the tuberosum, the taproot is enlarged and can be used like a small parsnip. Parsley leaves and roots are popular as condiments and garnish worldwide. This is the more ornamental form, especially when used as a dressing in salads, cooked meals etc. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Petroselinum crispum parsley Legal Status. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Fuss : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Parsley is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region, but now cultivated worldwide with numerous varieties available. History Petroselinum, the specific name of the Parsley, from which our English name is derived, … It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. Petroselinum vulgare Lagasca : Common Name(s): parsley [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: Its origin is uncertain, though possibly in the Central Mediterranean region. Petroselinum crispum, called parsley, is a culinary herb that is native to Europe and the Mediterranean. The first, Aethusa cynapium (dog poison, fool's parsley, small hemlock) can be distinguished from parsley by the shiny yellow-green underside of the leaves, which are dull in parsley, and the white flowers, which are yellowish in parsley. Clinical trials are, however, lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. 2: 642. Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Nyman ex A.W. Database (Oxford). genus: Petroselinum Hill; Other names with Apium crispum Mill. In Lebanon, parsley is a major ingredient in the national dish called tabbouleh. The skin reaction is usually only evident if the areas that have contacted the juice are exposed to very strong sunlight; it can be minimized by the use of protective clothing and sunscreens.34, Parsley itself has FDA GRAS status; although, parsley fruit (seed) has been used traditionally as an abortifacient.3 Parsley extracts contain apiol and myristicin, chemical constituents with associated potential toxicities. The other common names for the herb parsley are Apium petroselinum, Petroselinum lativum, Petersylinge, Curly Parsley, Flat-leaved Parsley and devils oat meal. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Select one or more newsletters to continue. It is not known whether parsley oil induces hallucinations, but the practice of smoking parsley as a cannabis substitute was well known during the 1960s. Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. Nym. vulgare (Nois.) Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Plant profile of Petroselinum crispum on gardenersworld.com. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. However the curly leaves tend to hold on to surface water and so they are more likely to contract fungal diseases in the winter. Fuss Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Petroselinum hortense Hoffm. The University of Melbourne. P. Crispum crispum. … Parsley juice may alter the activity of drugs affected by cytochrome P450. Parsley (Engl.) This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. Parsley may have been smoked for a euphoric effect or as a carrier for more potent drugs such as phencyclidine.8, The concentration of parsley oil varies throughout the plant. 1913. Nyman ex A.W. Brown. It has erect stems and non-hairy bright green leaves. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. General information about Petroselinum crispum (PARCR) This is the cultivated plant. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The essential oil should not be used because of toxicity.30, GRAS when used as food. Parsley leaf has been used at daily doses of 6 g5; however, no clinical studies have been found that support this dose. as basionym: *Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) The essential oil should not be used because of toxicity. Scientific Name(s): Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative Parsley seed oil and herb oil are obtained from the above-ground plant parts by steam distillation, while the dried leaf flakes are sold commercially as a culinary herb.1, 2, 3. Parsley, in addition to being a source of certain vitamins and minerals, has been used traditionally for widespread uses. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. More than 30 varieties of parsley are recognized and their relative content of apiol and myristicin vary. Generally recognized as safe when used as food (GRAS). The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Petroselinum crispum forma tenuisectum Bruised leaves have been used to treat tumors, insect bites, lice, skin parasites, and contusions.5, 6 Parsley tea at one time was used to treat dysentery and gallstones.5 Other traditional uses reported include treatment of diseases of the prostate, liver, and spleen, in the treatment of anemia, arthritis, and cancers, as an expectorant, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, hypotensive, laxative, and as a scalp lotion to stimulate hair growth.5, 7, Myristicin, a compound found in parsley oil, is suggested to be in part responsible for the hallucinogenic effect of nutmeg. The roots contain 0.1% oil, whereas the leaf contains about 0.3%.9 The fruit contains the largest percentage of oil, between 2% to 7%.9 The oil contains 2 components, apiol and myristicin, which are pharmacologically active. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Petroselinum Names. Similarly, collectors should be aware of Conium maculatum (poison hemlock, water hemlock, poison parsley) and Cicuta maculata (water hemlock). Adverse effects from the ingestion of parsley oil include headache, giddiness, loss of balance, convulsions, and renal damage. Hill, diArk - a resource for eukaryotic genome research. Adverse effects from the ingestion of the oil have included headache, giddiness, loss of balance, convulsions, and renal damage.5, 30, The psoralen compounds found in parsley have been linked to a photodermatitis reaction found among parsley cutters. Parsley is the herb of choice for a garnish, but it is also used in bouquet garnis, as the main ingredient in parsley sauce, and as an ingredient in soups and fish dishes. Nyman ex A. W. Hill.Common Name(s): Garden parsley, Parsley, Rock parsley. Quick Info: Host plant for Black Swallowtail and Anise Swallowtail Butterflies, Pretty Foliage, Common Herb, Annual/Biennial. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Limited laboratory studies suggest parsley has antiplatelet activity as well as antimicrobial, immunosuppressive activity, and cytotoxic and spasmolytic effects. An older clinical study evaluated the antioxidant effect of dietary parsley finding a pro-oxidant effect.17, Apiol and myristicin may be responsible for the mild diuretic effect of the seed and oil.23 Rats given an aqueous parsley seed extract in place of drinking water eliminated a higher volume of urine compared with controls.24 An in situ kidney perfusion technique also supports this finding.24 Research suggests that the diuretic effect of parsley is mediated through an inhibition of the Na+-K+ pump.24 The laxative effect of parsley seed extract is also attributed to the inhibition of sodium and of the Na+-K+ pump.25, A small (n=20) clinical study on the effect of parsley tea found no effect on urinary indices measured including urine volume, pH, sodium, potassium, chloride, urea, creatinine, phosphorus, magnesium, uric acid, cystine, or citric acid content.26. 3. Parsley oil has also been used to regulate menstrual flow in the treatment of amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, and is purported to be an abortifacient. The root was used as a diuretic and the juice to treat kidney ailments. Petroselinum vulgare Lagasca Homonyms Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Although case reports are lacking, a theoretical interaction may exist with antiplatelet medicines. P. Crispum neapolitanum Danert. Reference: How to cite this resource - Schoch CL, et al. Parsley is the common name for a bright green, biennial herb of European origin, Petroselinum crispum, which is extensively cultivated for its leaves, which are used as a garnish or for flavoring food.One variety, the Hamburg parsley (P. crispum var. It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure. Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a bright green, biennial, herbaceous plant. Name verified on 25 February 2010 in: Tropicos.org. Fuss ›Petroselinum crispum var. 322. Scientific Name: Petroselinum crispum: Pronunciation: pet-roe-seh-LYE-num KRIS-pum: Common Name: parsley : Family Name: Apiaceae: Plant Type: Biennial Key ID Features: Scented annual; leaves alternate, compound, tri-pinnate, serrate margins, leaflets deltoid and +/- curling; stem with swollen nodes and vertical stripes. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth & Hook.f. Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org, Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid), Go to NCBI genomic BLAST page for Petroselinum crispum, Petroselinum crispum (P. Hill : Apium petroselinum L. Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Petroselinum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. (1814) Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Petroselinum . Hill Projects: Madidi Checklist, Mesoamericana, Pakistan, Peru Common Names: "Perejíl" (Peru) No References available Last updated on Oct 7, 2020. Mill.) Limited laboratory studies suggest parsley has antiplatelet activity as well as antimicrobial, immunosuppressive activity, and cytotoxic and spasmolytic effects. Alef. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Symptoms of Conium and Cicuta poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, paralysis, weak pulse, dilated pupils, convulsions, and death. f. Petroselinum hortense Hoffm. Parsley leaf has been used at daily doses of 6 g; however, no clinical studies have been found that support this dose. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Apium petroselinum L. Garden parsley (Engl.) Course(s): 2020: baaa062. Poisonings have occurred when the leaves of Conium were mistaken for parsley and the seeds for anise. parsley; Other Scientific Names. Emmenagogue and abortifacient effects may occur with higher doses. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (M.M.P.N.D) - A Work in Progress. The curly leafed forms of parsley. Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Nyman ex A.W.Hill synonym: UKSI Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. & Hook. Research reveals no clinical data regarding the use of parsley for antiplatelet activity. Australia. Add to cart. 3 vols. Cytotoxicity and apoptotic activity has been demonstrated in vitro using human cancer cell lines, possibly by antioxidant activity.15, 19, 20, 21, 22, Research reveals no clinical data regarding the use of parsley or its extracts in cancer. Vol. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. Alef. An average adult may consume as much as 50 g of parsley per meal.4, Parsley seed was used traditionally as a carminative to decrease flatulence and colic pain. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) For example, "German" parsley oil contains about 60% to 80% apiol, whereas "French" parsley oil contains less apiol but more (50% to 60%) myristicin.10 Parsley has a high carotenoid content, with 25.7 mg per 100 g edible portion.11, 12, Parsley contains psoralen and related compounds that can induce photosensitivity (see Toxicology); these include ficusin, bergapten, majudin, and heraclin.13 The plant also contains several antimicrobial furocoumarins: psoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen, 5-methoxypsoralen, oxypeucedanin, and isopimpinellin.14 Parsley contains the estrogenic flavone glycosides, 6'-acetylapiin and petroside.15, Nutritionally, parsley is a good natural source of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, iron, carotene, ascorbic acid, and vitamin A.5, 9, Flavonoids apigenin and cosmosiin extracted from parsley, as well as the aqueous extract, showed antiplatelet activity in vitro and in rodents.16, 17, 18. Porcher Michel H. et al. Genbank common name: parsley NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code ... Porcher Michel H. et al. Danert ›Petroselinum sativum: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i 2. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Emmenagogue and abortifacient effects may occur with higher doses.31, Studies in rodents suggest parsley and its extracts may exert an antiplatelet effect. Parsley, in addition to being a source of certain vitamins and minerals, has been used traditionally for widespread uses. Preferred Scientific Name. Caution must be used when gathering wild parsley because of the general similarity of its leaves and flowers to those of 3 common poisonous plants. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. Where it develops as a biennial, in the first year, it frames a rosette of tripinnate leaves 10–25 cm long with numerous 1–3 cm leaflets, and a taproot utilized as a food store over the winter. Available for Android and iOS devices. Petroselinum crispum Taxonomy ID: 4043 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4043) current name. The essential (pure) oil is toxic, with case reports of mortality.5, 30. *Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Safety and efficacy for dosages above those in foods are unproven and should be avoided. Petroselinum crispum forma radicosum Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Fuss, forma radicosum (Alefeld) Danert, in Mansfeld, Kulturpflanze, Beih. Common name i: Parsley: Synonym i: Petroselinum hortense: Other names i ›Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) It is not frost tender. Petroselinum crispum. variegatum (Nois.) Common Name(s): parsley [English] Accepted Name(s): Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) It also has a milder flavour. In some forms, such as Petroselinum crispum var. The plant got its name from Pedanius Dioscorides (100 A.D.). The genus name Petroselinum is derived from the Greek words 'petra' meaning stone or rock and 'selinin' meaning celery. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Myristicin is chemically related to apiol and has also been identified in nutmeg. Parsley is the common name for a bright green, biennial herb of European origin, Petroselinum crispum, which is extensively cultivated for its leaves, which are used as a garnish or for flavoring food. It is now grown world-wide for its is aromatic edible leaves which may be used fresh or dried in soups, salads and a wide variety of other food dishes (e.g., potatoes, fish, stews, vegetables, omelets). This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Individuals allergic to other members of the Apiaceae family (ie, carrot, fennel, celery) may be especially sensitive to the constituents in the flowers of parsley.30, 33, Because of the potential uterotonic effects, parsley oil, juice, and seed should not be taken by pregnant women. Mill.) Fuss. Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. Geographic subdivisions for Petroselinum crispum: n SNF, CCo, MP : MAP CONTROLS 1. Common Parsley, Moss Parsley, Curled Parsley. 1959. Petroselinum vulgare Gray, 1821 Petroselinum vulgare Lag. [Full text] [PubMed]. Clinical trials are, however, lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. (family Apiaceae) is a vegetable, a medicinal herb, and a spice, widely cultivated for more than 2000 years in the southeastern Europe and western Asia. Poison hemlock is a much larger plant than common parsley. It is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae and widely cultivated as an herb, a spice, and a vegetable. Its name Petroselinum derives from the Greek term referring to … National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Nyman Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Parsley produces an umbel of tiny flowers and characteristic ribbed fruit ("seeds"). While no major toxicities have been reported with the use of parsley, pregnant women should not take parsley because of possible uterotonic effects. Petroselinum crispum (Parsley) (Petroselinum hortense) Status. relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Nyman ex A.W. BASIONYM: Petroselinum sativum Hoffmann ex Gaudin, var. radicosum Alefeld 1866. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Petroselinum sativum var. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Safety and efficacy for dosages above those in foods are unproven and should be avoided. Although case reports are lacking, a theoretical interaction exists with other antiplatelet medicines.16, 17, 18, Parsley juice may alter the activity of drugs affected by the cytochrome P450.32, Adverse effects from the use of parsley are uncommon. Common names; Herb: Parsley Latin name: Petroselinum crispum Synonyms: Apium petroselinum, Carum petroselinum, Petroselinum hortense, Petroselinum sativum Family: Umbelliferae Medicinal use of Parsley: Parsley is a commonly grown culinary and medicinal herb that is … Nyman ex A.W. vulgare (Nois.) Nyman *Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) 2. Genus Petroselinum are aromatic biennials with broad, pinnate to 3-pinnate leaves and compound umbels of small white or pale green flowers Details P. crispum is a bushy biennial with rich green, crisped, 2- to 3-pinnate, aromatic leaves, and small yellow-green flowers in umbels in the second year Parsley or garden parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae that is native to the central and eastern Mediterranean region (Sardinia, Lebanon, Israel, Cyprus, Turkey, southern Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Malta, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia), but has naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and is widely cultivated as an herb, and a vegetable. Common parsley (Engl.) tuberosum) is cultivated for its edible root.Parsley belongs to the flowering plant family Apiaceae, which also is known as the parsley family. Reviewed-Annotation score: ... Common plant regulatory factor 1. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Native to the mediterranean, it’s a rich source of vitamin C and iron, and is said to cure bad breath and cleanse the skin. Spanish: perejil; French: persil; Portuguese: salsa Nyman ex A. W. Hill, Petroselinum crispum (P. ex Gaudin Petroselinum sativum var.